What is coaching
There are many definitions to coaching, but simply said:
“Coaching is to influence the game and the players in it”
How to coach
Coaching is a cycle where you:
ensure all players can hear you clearly
ensure that all players can see all important aspects of the demonstration
position yourself where you can see clearly. Always outside the grid/field.
- Analyse & make decisions
decide which detail is most important to correct first, in order to achieve the objective of the training.
- Generate and give feedback
engage players in discussions around the detail that need to be corrected. Show possible solutions.
Each individual is learning in her own way, and as a coach you need to ensure you are addressing all learning styles:
- Visual A visual learner is learning by looking
- Auditory An auditory learner is learning by listening
- Kinaesthetic A kinaesthetic learner is learning by touch and movement
- Reading & writing A reading and writing learner is learning by reading and taking notes.
Make sure you are reducing the time you are talking to the players in practice. Demonstrate, give the keys/coaching points and let them get the chance to many repetitions.
Ensure learning by:
- Recognizing the players individual learning style and football ability.
- Keeping the practice challenging and fun.
- Adjust the difficulty from the players’ individual ability.
- Introduce new challenges to keep the focus and interest. If it is too easy as it becomes boring.
Coaching during games
You are putting the foundation to a good performance in the game, by the practices run during the week.
When you are coaching during the game it is very important to recognize that you should always allow the ball holder to make her own decisions, as she will only be confused if you shout to her from the sideline.
The players you can give instructions are the players that are off the ball. Such instructions in attack could be:
- Open up
- Fall down
- Give support
- Show feet
- Create balance
And in defense
- Defend on goal side
If a player is making a mistake or is taking a wrong decision, you can guide her for the next time, but make sure it is in a positive and supportive tone.
- Next time; be brave to take the shot yourself
- Next time; recognize the space inside
- Next time; challenge the player
If instead you are shouting negative comments to the player, she will most likely fail even next time as she then will lose confidence even more.
Games as part of development
See each game as a possibility to develop the players and the team. Preferably set performance goals related to the objectives of last week’s practice. Winning games by having superior kicking and running abilities will never develop a player’s football-playing ability.